HOWARD COUNTY AMPHIBIANS AND REPTILES

03Male_BoxTurtle_face-Henryton (50K)
23-EasternHognoseSnakeIMG_0774 (37K)

Amphibians and reptiles are collectively known as "herpetofauna" or "herps." Although statewide surveys were conducted by a handful of individuals in the 1960s and 1970s, no consistent surveys were made until more recently. In 2010, the Maryland Amphibian and Reptile Atlas (MARA) was initiated by the Natural History Society of Maryland and the Maryland Department of Natural Resoources. The Howard County Coordinator, Sue Muller, has directed dozens of volunteers in the effort to verify local herps.

Understandably, an overwhelming majority of the images shown were a result of the MARA effort. Material will be updated as images are submitted and will continue after the atlas concludes in 2014.

38N_Spring_Salamander-062 (32K)

55NGFR-IMG_1542-2012-03-28-FinkClarksvilleNW (22K)

To drop to a Major Group, click on the Major Group name, OR click on the individual Species name for a direct link. Under the individual species, click on any photo to enlarge it. Return to the species page by clicking on the left arrow in the upper left corner of your browser. An asterisk following the species name indicates no photos; clicking will take you to "Photos Needed."



Exotics
Alligator Snapping Turtle
  • False Map Turtle (see under Turtles)
  • Alligator Snapping Turtle (Centennial Park)
  • Boa Constrictor (Clarksville - SE)
  • Brown Anole (Savage - CE)
  • California Kingsnake (near Blandair Park)
  • Squirrel Tree Frog (Dorsey Hall)
  • Gecko sp. (Laurel)

Major groups are separated by a wide yellow banner.

Species caption line: Col 1: Species common name/ Scientific name. Col 2: Length range. Col 3: Link to distribution map. (For an explanation of the map key, click here. Next row: Habitat, habits, food preferences.


Turtles

Eastern Musk Turtle
Stemotherus odoratus
3–5.4"
Map
Still or slow-moving mud-bottomed streams, rivers, ponds, lakes. Highly aquatic; patrols bottom.
Eastern Musk Turtle

June 16, 2007
Sewell's Orchard
Sue Muller

Eastern Musk Turtle

June 16, 2007
Sewell's Orchard
Sue Muller

Eastern Musk Turtle

August 2, 2014
Lake Elkhorn
Jim Wilkinson

Eastern Mud Turtle
Kinostemon subrubrum subrubrum
3–4.1 Map
Shallow, soft-bottomed slow-moving to still waterways w/ abundant vegetation; ditches, wet meadows Basks little; quite terrestrial (more so than E. Musk); frequently crosses roads; most often seen after rains in humid sites, esp. mornings & evenings. Coastal Plain species that has moved into e. Piedmont Omnivorous
Eastern Musk Turtle

April 23, 2016
Savage - NE
Debora Milburn

Eastern Musk Turtle

April 23, 2016
Savage - NE
Debora Milburn

Eastern Box Turtle
Terrapene carolina carolina
4–8.5"
Map
Moist forests, wet meadows, pastures, floodplains. Essentially terrestrial. Often seen early in day after rains. Omnivorous.
Eastern Box Turtle

Female
August 21, 2010
Woodbine - CE
Wes Earp

Eastern Box Turtle

May 3, 2010
Mount Pleasant
Jeff Culler

Eastern Box Turtle

August 21, 2010
Western Regional Park
Bob Solem

Eastern Box Turtle

June 2, 2010
Beaverbrook
Richard Orr

Eastern Box Turtle

July 18, 2010
Savage - SW
Richard Orr

Eastern Box Turtle

June 15, 2010
Ellicott City
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Box Turtle

April 5, 2011
Pigtail
Richard Orr

Eastern Box Turtle

July 7, 2010
Ridge Road & Penn Shop Road
Wes Earp

Eastern Box Turtle

May 1, 2009
Wincopin Trail
Jo Solem

Eastern Box Turtle

May 1, 2009
Wincopin Trail
Jo Solem

Spotted Turtle
Clemmys guttata
3.5–5"
Map
Shallow wetlands, marshy meadows, beaver ponds, wet pastures, small woodland streams. Needs soft substrate w/ some aquatic vegetation. Basks early. Spends considerable time on land. Chiefly diurnal, few active in rainy weather. Omnivorous scavenger.
Spotted Turtle

April 19, 2014
Sykesville - SW
Bonnie Ott

Spotted Turtle

April 19, 2014
Sykesville - SW
Bonnie Ott

Spotted Turtle

April 27, 2013
Woodbine - NE
Mark Wallace

Spotted Turtle

May 20, 2012
Stevens Road
Savage - SW

False Map Turtle
Graptemys psudogeographica

5.8–10.8"
Map
Rivers, swamps, lakes. Basks frequently. Introduced.
False Map Turtle

June 28, 2010
Lake Elkhorn
Kathy Colston

False Map Turtle

September, 2010
Lake Elkhorn
Sue Muller
(Hatched from eggs collected!)

Eastern Painted Turtle
Chrysemys picta picta

4–9.8"
Map
Hard sand or gravel-bottomed cool streams in deciduous woods, red maple swamps, marshy meadows. Although usually near water, highly terrestrial, esp. summer Primarily diurnal. Fall Line west. Omnivorous.
Eastern Painted Turtle

March 31, 2010
Lake Elkhorn
Bob Solem

Eastern Painted Turtle

April 7, 2012
Clarksville - CE
Mark Wallace

Eastern Painted Turtle

April 24, 2012
Centennial Park
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Painted Turtle

July 4, 2009
Brown Bridge
Jo Solem
Laying eggs

Eastern Painted Turtle

October 11, 2011
Font Hill Wetland Park
Annette Allor

Eastern Painted Turtle

October 28, 2007
UMDCF
Bill Hill

Red-eared Slider
Stemotherus odoratus

5–11.4"
Map
Quiet waters w/ muddy bottoms & profusion of vegetation; frequently travels overland between aquatic habitats. Basks (sometimes stacked) for significant part of day on logs projecting above water or on vegetation, seldom seen on banks. Primarily diurnal. Omnivorous (young—carnivorous)
Red-eared Slider

June 4, 2008
Warfield Pond Park
Sue Earp

Red-eared Slider

April 5, 2010
Lake Elkhorn
Richard Orr

Red-eared Slider

April 1, 2010
Gateway Industrial Park
Bob Solem

Red-eared Slider

May 26, 2012
Carroll Mill Court
Justin Earp

Red-eared Slider

July 28, 2012
Centennial Park
Sue Muller

Red-eared Slider

July 22, 2012
Centennial Park
Annette Allor

Eastern Snapping Turtle
Chelydra serpentina serpentina

8–18.5"
Map
Almost any body of freshwater; likes soft mud or sandy bottoms & abundant vegetation or submerged brush & tree trunks. Highly aquatic, but makes long overland treks. Rarely basks. Some activity at all hours. Omnivorous.
Eastern Snapping Turtle

March 23, 2012
Savage Park
Harry Fink

Eastern Snapping Turtle

April 1, 2010
Clarksville - NW
Jeff Culler

Eastern Snapping Turtle

May 11, 2014
Alpha Ridge Park
Nancy Magnusson

Eastern Snapping Turtle

May 16, 2011
UMDCF
Wes Earp

Eastern Snapping Turtle

June 3, 2010
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Bob Solem

Eastern Snapping Turtle

2006
Savage - SW
Sue Muller

Northern Red-bellied Cooter
Pseudemys rubiventris

10–15.8"
Map
Relatively deep water bodies, moderate gradient rivers, floodplain marshes, oxbows w/ soft bottoms & many basking sites as well as aquatic plants. Much basking; wary. Mostly diurnal. Coastal Plain w/ movement into eastern Piedmont. Mostly herbivorous (young—omnivorous).
Northern Red-bellied Cooter

April 9, 2012
Scott's Cove
Wes Earp

Northern Red-bellied Cooter

April 18, 2008
Race Road (PVSP)
Emy Holdridge

Northern Red-bellied Cooter

August 20, 2011
Woodbine - SE
Sue Muller

Northern Red-bellied Cooter

March 1, 2012
Woodbine - SE
Annette Allor

Lizards

Eastern Fence Lizard
Sceloporus undulates
3.5–7.5"
Map
Open woodlands, rock outcrops & boulders, rotting logs & stumps, rail fences, pine woods, dry sunny locations. Strongly arboreal; found on walls as well as in trees. Diurnal. Chiefly insectivorous.
Eastern Fence Lizard

August 15, 2013
Columbia
Marilyn Dorfman

Common Five-lined Skink
Plestiodon fasciatus
5–8.1"
Map
Cutover woodlots (especially pine) w/ rotting stumps & logs, humid woods w/ thick leaf litter, rock piles, boulders, sawdust piles, habitat usually damp, frequently near streams. Terrestrial; occasionally climbs a short distance up trees or stumps to bask. Diurnal. Mostly insectivorous.
Common Five-lines Skink

May 11, 2012
Clarksville
Harry Fink

Common Five-lined Skink

April 23, 2013
Clarksville
Harry Fink

Snakes

Northern Watersnake
Nerodia sipedon sipedon
22–53"
Map
Most aquatic situations—quiet waters preferred: lakes, ponds, marshes, ditches, rivers; forages in shoreline vegetation. Basks frequently on rocks or stumps. Active day & night.
Northern

March 19, 2012
Woodbine - SE
Sue Muller

Northern

April 10, 2011
Schooley Mill Park
Bonnie Ott

Northern Watersnake

April 11, 2014
MPEA
Richard Orr
Young

Northern Watersnake

April 14, 2011
Savage - NE
Jo Solem

Northern

April 14, 2011
Savage - NE
Jo Solem

Northern Watersnake

May 14, 2010
MPEA
Jeff Culler

Queen Snake
Regina septemvittata
16–36.8"
Map
Streams and small rivers w/ rocky margins & bottoms; clear sandy-bottomed creeks; sphagnum bogs. Highly aquatic, excellent swimmer; not a frequent basker; found either swimming or under rocks, vegetation, or debris at water's edge. Active day & night. Chiefly Piedmont west. Feeds almost entirely on soft-bodied crayfish.
Queen Snake

April 8, 2013
Meadowbrook Park
Bonnie Ott

Queen Snake

October 9, 2011
Howard County Fair Grounds
Richard Orr

Queen Snake

October 9, 2011
Howard County Fair Grounds
Richard Orr

Queen Snake

October 9, 2011
Howard County Fair Grounds
Richard Orr

Eastern Smooth Earthsnake
Virginia valeriae valeriae
7–13.8"
Map
Damp deciduous forest; moist rocky wooded hillsides; seldom seen above ground except after heavy rains. Coastal Plain & eastern Piedmont. Earthworms and soft-bodied insects.
Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

March 18, 2011
Triadelphia
Wes Earp

Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

March 18, 2011
Triadelphia
Wes Earp

Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

April 5, 2011
Laurel - NW
Jay Sheppard

Eastern Smooth Earthsnake

October 12, 2011
Sykesville (Howard County)
Felicia Lovelett

Northern Brownsnake
Storeria dekayi dekayi
10–20.8"
Map
Moist upland woods to lowland marshes & margins of swamps & ponds, vacant lots, gardens beneath flat rocks, logs, trash; usually near water or damp places. Diurnal, but nocturnal in warm weather. Earthworms, slugs, & snails.
Northern Brownsnake

June 6, 2012
Meadowbrook Park
Bonnie Ott

Northern Brownsnake

March 31, 2010
Clarksville - SW
Bob Solem

Northern Brownsnake

November 1, 2011
Dorsey Search
Annette Allor

Northern Brownsnake

August 1, 2010
Rockburn Branch Park
Richard Orr

Northern Brownsnake

August 1, 2010
Rockburn Branch Park
Richard Orr

Northern Brownsnake

March 17, 2012
Sykesville - SW
Richard Orr

Eastern Gartersnake
Thamnophis sirtalis sirtalis
18–51.6"
Map
Near water; wet meadows, marshes, woodlands, moist hillsides, streamsides, parks, drainage ditches. Able to tolerate cold weather. Diurnal. Frogs, toads, salamanders, earthworms.
Eastern Gartersnake

March 23, 2014
Pigtail
Grazina McClure

Eastern Gartersnake

May 15, 2010
Henryton Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Gartersnake

May 15, 2010
Henryton Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Gartersnake

April 2, 2013
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Gartersnake

April 2, 2012
Penn Shop Road & Bennington Road
Wes Earp

Eastern Gartersnake

April 20, 2012
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Harry Fink

Eastern Gartersnake

April 25, 2012
Clarksville - NW
Harry Fink

Eastern Gartersnake

November 14, 2010
Schooley Mill Park
Jo Solem

Northern Ring-necked Snake
Diadophis punctatus edwardii
10–30"
Map
Moist situations in forest, grassland, rocky wooded hillsides, cutover areas w/ debris; under rocks, logs, loose bark of dead trees. Secretive. Earthworms, slugs, small salamanders, snakes; partially constricts prey.
Northern Ring-necked Snake

March 25, 2012
Marriottsville Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott

Northern Ring-necked Snake

April 26, 2016
Rockburn Branch Park
Jim Wilkinson

Northern Ring-necked Snake

June 13, 2011
Browns Bridge Road
Wes Earp

Northern Ring-necked Snake

July 25, 2012
Ellicott City - SE
Annette Allor

Northern Ring-necked Snake

June 13, 2011
Browns Bridge
Bob Solem

Eastern Wormsnake
Carphophis amoenus amoenus
8–14.2"
Map
Damp hilly woods, partly wooded grassy hills above streams; under rocks, logs, stumps, loose soil. Secretive; most likely to be seen in spring when habitat still moist; goes underground in dry weather. Earthworms.
Eastern Wormsnake

August 1, 2010
Rockburn Branch Park
Richard Orr

Eastern Wormsnake

August 1, 2010
Rockburn Branch Park
Richard Orr

Eastern Wormsnake

April 5, 2011
Triadelphia Reservoir
Richard Orr

Eastern Wormsnake

June 6, 2011
Browns Bridge
Bob Solem

Northern Rough Greensnake
Opheodrys aestivus aestivus
20–45.6"
Map
Vines, bushes & trees near & overhanging water; swims well—may take to water when disturbed; almost invisible in dense vegetation. Arboreal. Diurnal. Grasshoppers, crickets, caterpillars, spiders.
Northern Rough Greensnake Waterloo Park
Sara Smith
Northern Rough Greensnake Savage - SW
Sue Earp
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake
Heterodon platirhinos
20–45.5
Map
Open, sandy areas; thinly wooded uplands, cultivated fields, woodland meadows. Diurnal. Toads primarily; will also eat frogs.
Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

May 2, 2011
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Jeff Culler
Red

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

May 2, 2011
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Jeff Culler
Red

Eastern Gartersnake

June 6, 2011
Browns Bridge Road
Bob Solem
Ready to shed; note opaque eyes.

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

September 15, 2013
Browns Bridge Road
Jo Solem
Young.

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

September 28, 2009
Big Branch
Bob Solem

Eastern Hog-nosed Snake

September 28, 2009
Big Branch
Jo Solem

Northern Black Racer
Coluber constrictor constrictor
34–71"
Map
Abandoned fields, grasslands, open woodlands, rocky wooded hillsides, grass-bordered streams; often streaks across roads. Mostly terrestrial (when pursued may retreat upward into low bushes or low tree branches). Dirunal. Large insects, frogs, lizards, snakes, small rodents, birds; despite Latin name is not a constrictor. When hunting holds head high moving swiftly through cover.
Northern Black Racer

April 27, 2010
Mount Pleasant
Richard Orr

Northern Black Racer

July 24, 2011
Centennial Park
Annette Allor

Northern Black Racer

April 27, 2010
Mount Pleasant
Richard Orr

Northern Black Racer

July 24, 2011
Wincopin Trail
Annette Allor

Northern Black Racer

August 26, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Jeff Culler
Young.

Northern Black Racer

August 26, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Jeff Culler
Young.

Eastern Ratsnake
Panterophis alleganiensis
34–101"
Map
Hardwood forests, swamps, oldfields; from wet to arid situations. Terrestrial/arboreal: skilled climber; goes up trees & buildings. Diurnal spring & fall; nocturnal in summer. Birds, eggs, mice & small mammals, lizards.
Eastern Ratsnake

April 14, 2012
Robinson Nature Center
Harry Fink

Eastern Ratsnake

Aprin 20, 2015
Rockburn Branch Park
Linda Hunt

Eastern Ratsnake

November 8, 2009
Mount Pleasant
Richard Orr
Young

Eastern Ratsnake

April 29, 2009
Bon Secours
Wes Earp

Eastern Ratsnake

Postprandial
September 22, 2012
Ellicott City
Mike McClure

Eastern Ratsnake

September 5, 2013
MPEA
Bonnie Ott

Eastern Kingsnake
Lampropeltis getula getula
36–82"
Map
Dry, rocky wooded hillsides to river banks & pine woods. Hides under boards, logs, & debris; basks occasionally in open spring & fall. Primarily terrestrial; swims readily. Diurnal (early a.m.) & dusk; nocturnal in summer. Snakes, lizards, mice, birds, & eggs; a strong constrictor.
Eastern Kingsnake

April 5, 2012
Rockburn Branch Park
Kathy Litzinger

Eastern Kingsnakwe

April 5, 2012
Rockburn Branch Park
Kathy Litzinger

Eastern Kingsnakwe

April 26, 2016
Rockburn Branch Park
Jim Wilkinson

Eastern Milksnake
Lampropetis triangulum triangulum
14–78.2"
Map
Pine forest, open deciduous woods, rocky hillsides, farmland, damp bottomland, suburbs, farm buildings entered in rodent search. Hides under logs, rotting stumps, boards, stones, etc. Usually not seen in open except at night. Small rodents, birds, lizards, & snakes.
Eastern Milksnake

May 15, 2012
Sykesville- NE
Billy Heinbuch

Eastern Milksnake

June 9, 2011
Frederick Road & Morgan Station Road
Wes Earp

Eastern Milksnake

June 9, 2011
Frederick Road & Morgan Station Road
Wes Earp
Head

Eastern Milksnake

June 9, 2011
Frederick Road & Morgan Station Road
Wes Earp
Underside

Northern Scarletsnake
Cemophora coccinea copei
14–20"
Map
In or near soils suitable for burrowing (sandy, loamy), in logs, beneath fallen bark. Secretive, Selsom seen except at night or after heavy rains.
Northern Scarletsnake

May 28, 2013
Savage- NE
Kevin Crocetti.

Northern Copperhead
Agkistrodon contortrix mokeson
22–53"
Map
Wooded hillsides w/ rock outcrops above streams or ponds; edges of swamps. Basks during day in spring and fall; becomes nocturnal in warm weather. Favors rotting logs, sawdust piles, debris piles, large flat stones near streams. Small rodents, also small birds, frogs, large insects.
Northern Copperhead

August 12, 2012
Savage- NE
Jacob Smith

Northern Copperhead

June 15, 2011
Sykesville- NE
Jo Solem

Northern Copperhead

June 15, 2011
Sykesville- NE
Bob Solem
Juvenile

Salamanders

Marbled Salamander
Ambystoma opacum
3.5–5"
Map
Moist, sandy area; swamp lowlands; wooded hillsides above temporary pools; most of life is lived underground. Found under rocks, logs, other debris spring & fall
Marbled Salamander

July 6, 2010
Waterford Farm
Wes Earp
Larva

Marbled Salamander

July 13, 1983
Hammond Village
Bob Solem

Marbled Salamander

October 2, 2014
MPEA
Jeff Claffy

Marbled Salamander

October 7, 2013
Bollingbrook
Sue Muller

Marbled Salamander

October 14, 2015
Clarksville CE
Pamela Franks

Spotted Salamander
Ambystoma maculatum
5.5–9.2"
Map
Woods, hillsides near woodland pools on floodplain during breeding; much time spent underground. Worms, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, small insects.
Spotted Salamander

March 12, 2012
Waterford Farm
Wes Earp

Spotted Salamander

July 7, 2010
Frederich Road & Daisy Road
Wes Earp
Larva

Spotted Salamander

March 25, 2010
David Force WMA
Bob Solem
Eggs

Red-spotted Newt
Notophthalmus viridescens
2.6–5.5"
Map
Ponds, lakes w/ dense submerged vegetation, swamps, streams, forest pools, moist woodlands. Adult: totally aquatic; eft (juvenile) mostly terrestrial; after several years transforms to ad. & returns to water. Worms, insects, small crustaceans.
Red-spotted Newt

April 15, 2013
Sykesville - NE
Wes Earp

Red-spotted Newt

March 26, 2012
Haviland Mill Road
Wes Earp

Red-spotted Newt

May 12, 2012
Waterford Farm
Mark Wallace

Red-spotted Newt (Red Eft)

July 8, 2011
Manor Woods ES
Jo Solem
Red Eft

Eastern Red-backed Salamander
Plethodon cinereus
2.5–5"
Map
Cool, moist mixed, deciduous, or coniferous forests. Terrestrial. During day hides under stones, bark, or woody debris; at night searches moist leaf litter; in dry weather goes underground, re-surfaces after rains. Very difficult to find during summer months. Ants, mites, slugs, beetles, small insects.
Eastern Red-backed Salamander

January 2, 2013
Western Regional Park
Bonnie Ott
Lead

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

January 12, 2013
Henryton Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott
Lead

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

April 11,2011
Old Frederick Road & Forsythe Road
Wes Earp
Red

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

February 18, 2011
Daniels Road
Richard Orr
Red

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

February 28, 2013
Savage - CE
Mark Wallace
Red

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

March 4, 2012
Rockburn Branch Park
Bonnie Ott
Lead

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

March 4, 2012
Rockburn Branch Park
Bonnie Ott
Both

Eastern Red-backed Salamander eggs

October 14, 2013
Beaverbrook
Richard Orr

Eastern Red-backed Salamander eggs

October 26, 2009
Hentyton Road PVSP
Richard Orr
Eggs

Northern Slimy Salamander
Plethodon glutinosus
4.5–8"
Map
Moist wooded ravines or hillsides; floodplains, shale banks. At surface in early spring (except when dry); under flat rocks, rotten logs; after showers roams forest floor; active until sub-freezing temperatures in fall. Does not occur on Coastal Plain. Nocturnal. Wide variety of insects & invertebrates.
Eastern Red-backed Salamander

June 4, 2012
Larriland Farm
Wes Earp

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

June 4, 2012
Woodbine - CE
Wes Earp

Eastern Red-backed Salamander

June 4, 2012
Woodbine - CE
Wes Earp

Northern Dusky Salamander
Desmognathus fuscus
2.5–5.5"
Map
Rocky woodland streams, seepages, springs, floodplains & mucky sites. Usually absent from large streams where fish predators occur. Insect larvae, sowbugs, earthworms.
Northern Dusky Salamander

March 26, 2013
Daviels Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott

Northern Dusky Salamander

July 12, 2010
Henryton
Richard Orr

Northern Dusky Salamander

July 12, 2010
Henryton
Richard Orr

Northern Dusky Salamander

June 30, 2010
Damanscus - NE (H.C.)
Bob Solem

Northern Dusky Salamander

June 30, 2010
Damanscus - NE (H.C.)
Bob Solem

Northern Dusky Salamander

April 6, 2012
Manor Woods Park
Sue Muller

Northern Red Salamander
Pseudotriton ruber
3.8–7"
Map
Springs, seepages, cool clear brooks & adjacent woodlands & lowlands. Although it can range some distance from water, it is usually found in leaf litter of spring-fed brooks or under rocks or other debris. Earthworms.
Northern Red Salamander

March 5, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Bonnie Ott

Northern Red Salamander

March 5, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Bonnie Ott

Northern Red Salamander

March 16, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Bonnie Ott

Northern Red Salamander

March 16, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Bonnie Ott

Northern Red Salamander

March 19, 2013
Henryton Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott
Juvenile (w/ gills)

Northern Red Salamander

March 19, 2013
Henryton Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott
Juvenile (w/ gills)

Northern Red Salamander

March 13, 2011
MPEA
Wes Earp

Northern Red Salamander

May 6, 2011
Waterford Farm
Wes Earp

Northern Red Salamander - foot

March 18, 2011
Triadelphia Reservoir
Sue Earp
Foot

Northern Red Salamander

April 30, 2012
Kingsbridge Road
Wes Earp
Larva

Northern Red Salamander

July 2, 2010
Chaconas (HoCo Rec & Parks)
Sue Earp

Northern Red Salamander

July 2, 2010
Annapolis Rock Road
Richard Orr

Northern Red Salamander

November 12, 2010
Summer Sunrise Drive
Wes Earp

Northern Red Salamander

July 2, 2010
Woodbine - SW
Wes Earp

Northern Spring Salamander
Gyrinophilus porphyriticus porphyriticus
4.8–7.2"
Map
Any wet depression beneath logs, stones, or leaves in surrounding forest. Very unusual!
Northern Spring Salamander

August 28, 2010
Savage - SW
Kevin Crocetti

Northern Two-lined Salamander
Eurycea bislineata
2.2–4.8"
Map
Rock-bottomed brooks, seepages, floodplains; in locations where fish are at a minimum it hides under objects, often at water's edge; wanders into woodlands in wet weather. Abundant streamside species. When discovered, runs or swims away vigorously.
Northern Two-lined Salamander

Feb 15, 2013
Fulton
Mark Wallace

Northern Two-lined Salamander

March 5, 2013
Mount Pleasant
Bonnie Ott
Juvenile

Northern Two-lined Salamander

March 15, 2013
Daniels Road (PVSP)
Bonnie Ott
Juvenile

Northern Two-lined Salamander

May 6, 2011
Woodbine - SE
Wes Earp
Larva

Northern Two-lined Salamander

Cooksville Farm
Wes Earp
Egg mass

Northern Two-lined Salamander

June 17, 2010
Western Regional Park
Richard Orr

Northern Two-lined Salamander

June 26, 2010
Cascade Trail
Richard Orr

Northern Two-lined Salamander

July 30, 2010
Ellicott City - SE
Wes Earp

Northern Two-lined Salamander

November 17, 2011
Savage - CW
Sue Earp

Long-tailed Salamander
Eurycea longicauda
4–7.2"
Map
Springs, seepages, floodplains, caves. Mostly terrestrial. On warm rainy nights it searches the forest floor for invertebrates.
Northern Two-lined Salamander

August 27, 2012
Woodbine - NE
Mark Wallace

Northern Two-lined Salamander

August 27, 2012
Woodbine - NE
Mark Wallace

Northern Two-lined Salamander

May 25, 2011
Woodbine - SE
Wes Earp

Four-toed Salamander
Hemidactylium scutatum
2–4"
Map
Bogs, floodplains & associated hardwood forests near boggy areas, especially associated w/ sphagnum.
Bogs, floodplains & associated hardwood forests near boggy areas, especially associated w/ sphagnum.
Northern Two-lined Salamander

March 14, 2013
MPEA
Bonnie Ott

Northern Two-lined Salamander

March 14, 2013
MPEA
Bonnie Ott

Northern Two-lined Salamander

October 17, 2016
Savage - CE
Mark Wallace

Northern Two-lined Salamander

October 20, 2012
Clarksville - SE
Jo Solem

Northern Two-lined Salamander

October 20, 2012
Clarksville - SE
Jo Solem

Northern Two-lined Salamander

October 20, 2012
Clarksville - SE
Jo Solem

Northern Two-lined Salamander

October 20, 2012
Clarksville - SE
Jo Solem

Toads

American Toad
Anaxyrus americanus
2–4.2"
Map
Moist forests, floodplains, gardens; more resistant to dehydration than most frogs so doesn't need to stay near water as long as food is plentiful. Color varies. Primarily nocturnal.
American Toad

April 5, 2010
Alpha Ridge Park
Richard Orr

American Toad

May 26, 2010
MPEA
Bonnie Ott

American Toad

July 31, 2010
Clarksville - SW
Wes Earp

American Toad

April 24, 2010
Dorsey Woods
Richard Orr

American Toad

April 5, 2010
West Friendship Park
Richard Orr
Amplexus

American Toad

April 14, 2014
MPEA
Joanne Solem
Amplexus

American Toad

April 17, 2011
Western Regional Park
Richard Orr

American Toad

May 22, 2012
Damascus - NE (H.C.)
Mark Wallace

American Toad

May 29, 2012
Sykesville - SE
Mark Wallace

American Toad

March 17, 2012
Font Hill Wetland Park
Annette Allor

American Toad

August 14, 2012
Centennial Park
Annette Allor

Fowler's Toad
Anaxyrus fowleri
2.5–5"
Map
Sandy soil; marshes, yards, temporary pools. Usually a Coastal Plain species. Primarily nocturnal. Count warts in dark spots on back to separate from A. americanus.
Fowler's Toad

June 6, 2011
Clarksville - SW
Wes Earp

Fowler's Toad

July 15, 2010
Sandy Spring - NE
Jo Solem
(In net)

Fowler's Toad

May 27, 2012
Daniels PVSP
Annette Allor

Frogs

Spring Peeper
Pseudacris crucifer
0.8–1.2"
Map
Low plants near temporary pools in thickets & woodlands. (Chorus frogs prefer open calling stations.) Mostly nocturnal, but sometimes found by day in wet woodlands.
Spring Peeper

July 6, 2010
Woodbine - SW
Wes Earp

Spring Peeper

April 27, 2010
Manor Woods ES
Sue Earp

Spring Peeper

April 5, 2011
Schooley Mill Park
Richard Orr

Spring Peeper

April 5, 2011
Schooley Mill Park
Richard Orr

Spring Peeper

July 1, 2011
Manor Woods ES
Richard Orr
Young

Spring Peeper

July 1, 2011
Manor Woods ES
Richard Orr
Young

Eastern Cricket Frog
Acris crepitans
.05–1.5"
Map
Mudflats, edges sunny shallow ponds w/ vegetation, streams w/ sunny banks, floodplains. Diurnal; active, hard to catch in grass at water's edge. Coastal Plain species; uncommon above Fall Line.
Eastern Cricked Frog

April 1, 2013
Savage - SE
Mark Wallace

Eastern Cricked Frog

June 15, 2014
Ellicott City - SW
Mike Thompson

Wood Frog
Lithobates sylvaticus
1.4–2.2"
Map
Woodland ponds & temporary floodplain pools outside of breeding season may be found far from water. Normally one of first frogs to be heard in spring; may use same pools as Spotted Salamanders.
Wood Frog

March 2, 2012
Woodbine - SW
Wes Earp

Wood Frog

March 1, 2011
Woodbine - NE
Richard Orr

Wood Frog

March 2, 2012
Woodbine - SW
Wes Earp
Eggs

Wood Frog

March 15, 2014
Murray Hill Road
Grazina McClure

Wood Frog

April 4, 2014
Font Hill Park
Annette Allor

Southern Leopard Frog
Lithobates spenocephalus utricularius
2–3.5"
Map
Shallow, freshwater habitats. Ventures well away from water in summer among moist vegetation. Mostly a Coastal Plain species. Primarily nocturnal.
Southern Leopard Frog

July 17, 2001
Western Regional Park
Bonnie Ott

Pickerel Frog
Lithobates palustris
1.8–3.2"
Map
Cool, clear slow-moving woodland stream, ponds, lakes w/ low, dense vegetation; adjacent wet meadows. Wanders well out in grassy field in summer. Leaps into water from shore when disturbed. Nocturnal.
Pickerel Frog

September 3, 2009
Western Regional Park
Bonnie Ott

Pickerel Frog

April 27, 2010
MPEA
Richard Orr

Pickerel Frog

October 18, 2011
Centennial Park
Annette Allor

Northern Green Frog
Lithobates clamitans
2.2–4"
Map
Wetlands, ponds, stream, shallow edges. Primarily nocturnal.
Northern Green Frog

April 1, 2012
Howard County
Annette Allor

Northern Green Frog

June 1, 2007
Savage Park
Sue Earp

Northern Green Frog

June 26, 2010
Cascade Falls Trail
Richard Orr

Northern Green Frog

July 31, 2010
Schooley Mill Park
Jo Solem
Actual color!

American Bullfrog
Lithobates catesbeianus
3.5–8"
Map
Large permanent bodies of water w/ vegetation; when startled at water's edge, may make a cat-like meow while leaping into the water. Warm weather frog. Nocturnal.
American Bullfrog

June 3, 2010
Ellicott City - CW
Bob Solem

American Bullfrog

June 3, 2010
Ellicott City - CW
Jo Solem

American Bullfrog

June 17, 2010
Hipsely Mill Road
Jeff Culler

American Bullfrog

August 20, 2011
Woodbine - CW
Sue Earp

American Bullfrog

December 3, 2012
Franciscan Friars
Richard Orr

Exotics

Allegator Snapping Turtle

Allegator Snapping Turtle
November 5, 2011
Centennial Park
Dave Sohns

Boa Constructor

Boa Constrictor
May 20, 2010
Clarksville - SE
M Brady

Brown Anole

Brown Anole
July 10, 2014
Savage - CE
E L Puppa

California Kingsnake
(near Blandair Park)

California Kingsnake


Petar Pavlor

Squirrel Tree Frog
(Dorsey Hall)

Brown Anole
July 23, 2012
Ellicott City - SW
Allen Green

Gecko sp.
(Laurel)

Map Key

The maps (one for each species) show which blocks have a report of the species and which blocks have verification of the species.

DA - Damascus, WO = Woodbine, SY = Sykesville, EC = Ellicott City,
SA = Sandy Spring, CL = Clarksville, SV = Savage.

Reports in YELLOW.

Verified records in LIME.

Below is an outline map of Howard County,
showing the blocks that are being covered:
MARA Howard County Block Outline Map with County Boundaries


Photos Needed

Upland Chorus Frog
Pseudacris feiarum feriarum
0.8–1.2"
Map
Wet or moist grassy meadows; ponds, damp leaf litter in woods; cold tolerant. Ground dweller, climbs low plants only. Coastal Plain species. Primarily nocturnal.
Green Treefrog
Hyla cinerea
1.2–2.5"
Map
Swamps, lakes & stream edges; floating vegetation; vegetation near permanent water. Calls most vigorously in damp weather. Walks rather than jumps. Coastal Plain species.
Cope's Gray Treefrog
Hyla chrysoscelis
1.2–2.2"
Map
Trees & shrubs near woodlands, usually near a permanent body of water. Shuns large permanent swamps. Mostly forages aloft. Can only be separated from H. versicolor by difference in call rate.
Gray Treefrog
Hyla versicolor
1.2–2.2"
Map
Trees & shrubs near woodlands, usually near a permanent body of water. Shuns large permanent swamps. Mostly forages aloft. Can only be separated from H. chrysoscelis by difference in call rate.